Moderators – University of Copenhagen


Loïc Azoulai

Azoulai, Loïc is Professor of European Law at the European University Institute, on leave from Paris II University. Formerly legal secretary at the European Court of Justice, he is currently co-director of the Academy of European Law (EUI) and of the Centre for Judicial Cooperation (EUI). He is a member of the boards of several law journals including the Common Market Law Review and the Revue trimestrielle de droit européen. He has published extensively in the field of EU law and is currently involved in one project on the euro-crisis and its constitutional implication for the Member States and another project on judicial cooperation in the fundamental rights practice of national courts.

Marise Cremona

Cremona, Marise is Professor of European Law at the European University Institute, Florence. Between 2009 and 2012, she was Head of the Department of Law at the EUI and between 2012 and 2013 she was President ad interim of the EUI. She is a Co-director of the Academy of European Law and general editor (with Profs Loic Azoulai and Nehal Bhuta) of the Collected Courses of the Academy of European Law, Oxford University Press. Before joining the EUI she held the Chair of European Commercial Law at the Centre for Commercial Law Studies, Queen Mary University of London. She is a member of the Governing Board of the Istituto Affari Internazionali, Rome; member of the International Advisory Board of the Centre for European Research, University of Göteborg, Sweden; member of the Advisory Board of the European Foreign Affairs Review; member of the Editorial Board of the European Law Review. Marise Cremona has published extensively on the external relations law of the European Union, including: Developments in EU External Relations Law (Oxford University Press, 2008); EU Foreign Relations Law – Constitutional Fundamentals, edited with B de Witte (Hart Publishing, 2008); The External Dimension of the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice, edited with J Monar and S Poli (Peter Lang-P.I.E. 2011); The European Court of Justice and External Relations Law - Constitutional Challenges, edited with A Thies, forthcoming with Hart Publishing.

Anthony Michael Collins

Collins, Anthony Michael has been judge at the General Court since 2013. He was previously member of the Permanent Delegation of the Council of Bars and Law Societies of Europe (CCBE) to the EU and EFTA Courts (2006-2013). Anthony Michael Collins has a background as a Barrister-at-Law and has practiced as such (1986-1990 & 1997-2003) and as Senior Counsel (2003-2013) at the Bar of Ireland. He was the Director of the Irish Centre for European Law from 1997 to 2000 where he continues to be a member of its Board of Directors. From 1990 to 1997, Anthony Michael Collins was a Legal Secretary at the Court of Justice of the European Communities. He is a graduate of Trinity College, Dublin (Legal Science) (1984) and of the Honourable Society of the King's Inns, Dublin (Barrister-at-Law) (1986).

Drexler, Freddy

Drexler, Freddy is the Jurisconsult of the European Parliament, Director General of its Legal Service. He joined the Legal Service in 2012 as Director for Legislative Affairs. In his current role as Jurisconsult, which he was appointed to in November 2013, he plays a key role by advising Parliament on legal issues and representing it in legal proceedings. The Legal Service, in its advisory role, assists the President, Parliament’s political bodies and its Secretariat. Freddy Drexler joined the administration of the European Parliament in 1992, where he became advisor to the Deputy Secretary General (2002); advisor to the Director General in charge of internal policies (2004); and in 2007, advisor to the President of the European Parliament. He later headed the secretariat of the governing bodies of the Parliament, before becoming Head of Cabinet for the current Secretary General in 2009. Freddy Drexler is a graduate of the Institute of Political Studies and holds a DEA (Diplôme d'Études Approfondies) in Law from Robert Schuman University of Strasbourg. He also has a first-class honours Higher Diploma in European Studies from the College of Europe, Bruges.

Gormley, Laurence W.

Gormley, Laurence W. is Professor of European Law at the University of Groningen; he also holds a Jean Monnet Chair and leads the Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence at Groningen, recognized by the European Commission in 1999. He is a barrister and a professor at the College of Europe, Bruges. Between 1983 and 1990, he was an official of the European Commission (dealing with competition, free movement of goods, and public procurement). Between 1995 and 2005, he was Chairman of the Dutch Association for Procurement Law, of which he is now an Honorary Member and a member of its Advisory Council. His publications are mainly in the areas of the free movement of goods, customs law, public procurement, taxation, and the internal market; he has also published a number of articles on the judicial architecture of the EU and judicial review in EU law. He is Joint General Editor (with Professor Jo Shaw, Edinburgh) of the Cambridge Studies in European Law & Policy, and is on the Editorial Board of the European Law Review, the European Business Law Review, the European Journal of Consumer Law, the Journal de Droit Européen and the Public Procurement Law Review. Laurence W. Gromley is a member of the Advisory Board of the Irish Jurist, the Irish Journal of European Law, and the Liverpool Law Review.

Hatzopoulos, Vassilis

Hatzopoulos, Vassilis is a professor at the Democritus University of Thrace (Greece), a visiting professor at the College of Europe, Bruges (Belgium) and an Honorary Lecturer at the University of Nottingham (UK). He has practiced law at the Athens Bar since 1995 in the fields related to the Internal Market (emphasis on services and free movement), network industries and public procurement. He has consulted the Greek government on implementing the EU acquis on public procurement, rail deregulation and energy liberalization and in simplifying the regulatory environment (regulatory reform). Within the latter framework, he has represented the Greek government at the OECD (the Regulatory Reform Assessment) and the EU Commission (the Lisbon Strategy benchmarking). He has served as an expert to the European Parliament as well as to various EU-oriented consultancies. Vassilis Hatzopoulos has published extensively, in English, French and Greek, on various topics of EU law ranging from internal market and competition issues to healthcare, migration, asylum and LGBT rights; his latest book on the “Regulation of Services in the EU” was published by OUP in 2012.

Jacqueson, Catherine

Jacqueson, Catherine is Associate Professor in EU law and works as a researcher in EU law and comparative law. Her focus and publications are essentially on the free movement of persons within the EU and encompasses issues relating to migration, Union citizenship, access to essential services such as health care, and the EU’s social dimension. She is a member of the Research Centre on Legal Studies in Welfare and EU Market Integration (WELMA). Catherine Jacqueson has a French law degree (DEA) and wrote her doctoral dissertation in 2003 at the Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen. She also worked as a Research Fellow at St John's College, Oxford University from 2003 to 2007. She is the Secretary General of FIDE for 2012-2014.

Lars Bay Larsen

Larsen, Lars Bay has been a Judge at the European Court of Justice since 1996. He has worked as an official at the Ministry of Justice (1983-85) before being appointed Lecturer (1984-91) and then Associate Professor (1991-96) in Family Law at the University of Copenhagen. From 1985 to 1986 he was Head of Section at the Danish Bar Association (Advokatsamfund) and from 1986 to 1995 he was Head of Section and then Head of Division at the Ministry of Justice. He was called to the Bar in 1991, was Head of the Police Department (1995-99) and Head of the Law Department (2000-03) at the Ministry of Justice. He was the Representative of the Kingdom of Denmark on the K-4 Committee (1995-2000), the Schengen Central Group (1996-98) and the Europol Management Board (1998-2000). Finally, Lars Bay Larsen was a Judge at the Danish Supreme Court (Højesteret) from 2003-2006 before being appointed a Judge at the Court of Justice. He holds a law degree from the University of Copenhagen (Master in 1983).

Hubert Legal

Legal, Hubert is Legal Adviser to the Council of the European Union and, since 2011, the Director-General of its Legal Service. He was previously a member of the Conseil d’Etat, first as an Auditor, then as a Maître des Requêtes and as a Conseiller d’Etat. He has also been Chargé de mission with the Legal Service of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs between 1989 and 1993 and Legal Counsellor of the French Permanent Representation to the United Nations (New York) between 1993 and 1997. Hubert Legal also has a career within the Courts of the EU, where he was référendaire at the Court of Justice (1997- 2001) and then Judge of the Court of First Instance (2001- 2007). He studied at the Ecole Normale Supérieure (1974-1979) and at the Ecole Nationale d'Administration (1986-1988).

Koen Lenaerts

Lenaerts, Koen has been judge at the European Court of Justice since 2003 and Vice-President of the same since 2012. He was previously judge at the Court of First Instance. Koen Lenaerts is lic. iuris and holds a PhD in Law from the Katholieket Universiteit Leuven, where he has also been teaching and was appointed professor in 2003. He was also a member of the Brussels Bar and a professor at the College of Europe in Bruges and a visiting professor at the Harvard Law School. He is the author of numerous books and journal articles on various aspects of EU law. In addition, he is the member of the editorial board of several reviews, including the European Law Review and the European Constitutional Law Review.

Lichère, Francois

Lichère, Francois is Professor of Public Law at the University of Aix-Marseille, France. He was awarded a PhD from the University of Montpellier in 1998. He was appointed Associate Professor (Maître de conferences) in Public Law in 1999 and Professor of Public Law in 2000 after he succeeded at the “Agregation”. Francois Lichère has published numerous books and articles in French and English, mainly in the field of public contract law and administrative law dealing with business (“Droit public économique”). He is co-editor, with Steen Treumer, of the book Enforcement of EU public procurement rules, Djøf publishing, 2011, and co-editor, with Duncan Fairgrieve, of the book Public Procurement Law: Damages as an effective remedy, Hart Publishing, 2011. He is editor of the Droit des marchés publics et contrats publics spéciaux, the main reference in public procurement law in France. In addition, he is co-author of the Lamy Droit du numérique, responsible for the section on public procurement contracts dealing with IT.

Prechal, Sacha

Prechal, Sacha has been a judge at the European Court of Justice since 2010. She started her professional career as Lecturer at the Law Faculty of the University of Maastricht (1983-87). In 1995, she was appointed Professor of European Law at the Law Faculty of the University of Tilburg and in 2003 Professor of European Law at the Law Faculty of the University of Utrecht. She is member of the editorial board of several national and international legal journals and member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. She is the author of numerous publications on EU law, in particular on judicial protection in the EU, on various aspects of the relationship between EU law and national law, on general principles/fundamental rights, on EU anti-discrimination law and on problems related to EU directives. She studied law at the University of Groningen (1977-83), and holds a PhD in Law from the University of Amsterdam (1995).

Schiek, Dagmar

Schiek, Dagmar has held the Jean Monnet ad personam Chair in EU Law and Policy at the University of Leeds since 2011 and is the Director of the Centre of European Law and Legal Studies. Previously, she has held the Jean Monnet Chair in EU Economic Law from 2000 (University of Oldenburg, Germany) and Chair in EU Law from 2007 (University of Leeds, UK). She is on the editorial board of the Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law as well as that of Kritische Justiz. From 2008, Dagmar Schiek’s research has focused on the tensions between the economic and social dimensions of European integration in two consecutive research projects funded by the EU Commission. She holds a PhD from the University of Hamburg (1992), and was awarded her venia legendi by the University of Bremen (1999).

Eleanor Spaventa

Spaventa, Eleanor is Professor of EU Law at the Law School, Durham University (UK). She has held visiting positions at the College of Europe in Natolin; at the University of Rome Tor Vergata; and at the university LUISS "Guido Carli", also in Rome. She previously held positions at Birmingham University, where she was a lecturer, and at the University of Cambridge, where she was a Norton Rose European Law Lecturer and a fellow and Director of Studies at New Hall. Eleanor Spaventa has published extensively on issues of EU law. She is the author of "Free Movement of Persons in the EU - Barriers to Movement and their Constitutional Context" (Kluwer Law International, 2007), co-author of Wyatt and Dashwood's "Law of the European Union" (Sweet and Maxwell, 2006 and 2011), and co-editor of "Social Welfare and EU Law" (Hart publishing, 2005); "the EU and Global Emergencies" (Hart publishing, 2010); "A Constitutional Order of States: essays in honour of Alan Dashwood" (Hart publishing, 2011) and "Empowerment and Disempowerment of the European Citizen" (Hart Publishing, 2012).

Tridimas, Takis

Tridimas, Takis holds the Chair of European Law and is the Director of the Centre of European Law at the Dickson Poon School of Law, King’s College London. Before joining King’s in September 2013, he was the Sir John Lubbock Professor of Banking Law at Queen Mary College, University of London (2004-2013). His interests cover, among others, EU constitutional law, judicial protection, and economic and monetary union. He was senior legal adviser to the EU Presidency (2003) and Chairman of the Committee set up by the EU Council of Ministers to draft the Treaty of Accession of 2003. He is also the Nancy A. Patterson Distinguished Faculty Scholar and Professor at Pennsylvania State University. He is visiting professor or has held visiting posts, among others, at the College of Europe, Bruges, Sciences Po, Université Panthéon Assas (Paris II), and the University of Genova. Takis Tridimas is also a barrister at Matrix Chambers.

Friedl Weiss

Weiss, Friedl is Professor in the Department of European, International Law, and Comparative Law at the University of Vienna. He previously lectured at the London School of Economics and Political Science and held the Chair of International (Economic) Organisations at the University of Amsterdam as well as various Visiting Professorships, including at the Universities of Louvain-la-Neuve, Panthéon-Assas Paris II, HEI Geneva, Bocconi Milano, Bratislava, Minnesota, Tulane, Wuhan and Tianjin. He has been legal adviser in the EFTA Secretariat as well as legal consultant in GATT and is a member as well as a former rapporteur of the ILA Committee on International Trade Law. He is also a former member of the ILA Committees on International Law on Sustainable Development and on Foreign Investment. His research focus includes European and international (economic) law, international organizations, including those of international economic governance, and European Union law. He holds a doctorate in law, a Licence spéciale en droit Européen from the European Institute of the Free University of Brussels, as well as an MA in Public International Law and European Law from the University of Cambridge.